Course: Natural Polymers

« Back
Course title Natural Polymers
Course code TUIP/TE5PP
Organizational form of instruction Lecture + Tutorial
Level of course Bachelor
Year of study not specified
Semester Winter
Number of ECTS credits 5
Language of instruction English
Status of course unspecified
Form of instruction Face-to-face
Work placements This is not an internship
Recommended optional programme components None
Course availability The course is available to visiting students
Lecturer(s)
  • Mokrejš Pavel, prof. Ing. Ph.D.
  • Krejčí Ondřej, Ing. PhD.
Course content
- The aims and objects of the subjects. Origin, occurrence and role of bio-polymers in nature. - Amino-acids - the basis of proteins, their scaffold and characteristics of amino-acids. - Properties of amino-acids, behavior in water, D and L enantiomery, optical activity. - Peptide bonds of amino-acids, origin of amino-acids, oligo-peptides, poly-peptides. - Properties of peptide bond, space layout, cis- and trans- configuration, C- and N- endings. - Structure of proteins, primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary. Helix, beta-sheet. - Classification of proteins according to chemical aspect and according to macromolecular shape. Denaturation of proteins. - Structural proteins, collagen, keratin, elastin, characteristics and properties. - Proteins of meat, blood, eggs, milk, cereals, their function and practical utilisation. - Vital natural substances, enzymes, nucleic acids, their function in nature, industrial importance. - Saccharides- and polysaccharides-based biopolymers. Saccharides synthesis in nature, classifications, properties and reactions. - Oligosaccharides, origin and properties. Amino-sugars and plant glycosides. - Significant polysaccharides, their occurrence in nature, cellulose, starch, hemicelluloses, pectins, plant gums. Industrial importance. - Poly fenolic compounds, natural and synthetics tan-stuffs, origin, function in nature, division, applications.

Learning activities and teaching methods
Lecturing, Simple experiments
  • Preparation for examination - 35 hours per semester
Learning outcomes
The aim of the subject is to acquire knowledge about origin, occurrence and role of biopolymers. Students will acquire knowledge about biopolymers based on proteins, saccharides and polysaccharides and poly fenolic-based biopolymers.
Student has knowledge about origin and functions of biopolymers in nature, about building blocks of proteins, saccharides, about structure and classification of proteins, and about synthesis of saccharides in nature. He/she is well informed about the most important saccharides in nature.
Prerequisites
Knowledge of organic chemistry.

Assessment methods and criteria
Grade (Using a grade system), Oral examination, Written examination, Analysis of works made by the student (Technical products)

Credit: prescribed attendance at lessons and handing in the laboratory reports. Examination: proving of the required knowledge and skills (including laboratory exercises) in the subject in a written and oral exam. The result of a subject examination is expressed on a six-point scale: A "výborně" (i.e. "excellent"), B "velmi dobře" (i.e. "very good"), C "dobře" (i.e. "good"), D "uspokojivě" (i.e. "satisfactory"), E "dostatečně" (i.e. "sufficient"), F "nedostatečně" (i.e. "fail").
Recommended literature
  • Blažej, A. et al. Technologie kůže a kožešin. Praha, 1984.
  • Kolektiv autorů. Chemie organických sloučenin (2). Praha, 1991.
  • Velíšek, Jan. Chemie potravin 2. Vyd. 1. Tábor : OSSIS, 1999. ISBN 8090239145.
  • Vodrážka, Zdeněk. Biochemie. 2., opr. vyd. Praha : Academia, 1996. ISBN 80-200-0600-1.
  • Voet, Judith G. Biochemie. 1. vyd. Praha : Victoria Publishing, 1995. ISBN 8085605449.


Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Category of Branch/Specialization Recommended year of study Recommended semester